Women users of drugs of abuse during pregnancy: characterization of a series of cases

Sônia Regina Marangoni, Magda Lúcia Félix Oliveira

Resumo


This study characterized the sociodemographic and obstetric profile of women users of drugs of abuse during pregnancy. This is a descriptive and exploratory study, whose approach technique was the document records analysis of toxicological occurrence and medical charts of 32 women referred to a center for information and toxicological assistance of the Paraná State, between 2008 and 2010. The data were subjected to descriptive statistics. Most women had between 15 and 24 years (59.4%), between the first and third gestation, without prenatal care, poorly educated, without paid occupation (93.8%), and were in a common-law marriage (50%). Tobacco was used by 27 women (84.4%), crack by 24 (75%), and alcohol by 23 (71.7%). Besides the habitual use of drugs of abuse, it also stood out as risk factors before the pregnancy: teenage pregnancy, insecure marital status, and low education. As for the risks during the pregnancy, the most important clinical and obstetric problems were associated with addictive behavior. The sociodemographic profile corroborated the literature, but the multiparity, the low adhrence to the prenatal care, the multiuse of drugs, and the high number of complications, have indicated problems of health services to reach these women, resulting in a prolonged stay length, increased use of neonatal beds, and neonatal death.

 


Palavras-chave


health profile; pregnant women; case studies; addictive behavior; substance-related disorders.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actascihealthsci.v37i1.16754

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ISSN 1679-9291 (impresso) e ISSN 1807-8648 (on-line) e-mail: actahealth@uem.br

  

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