Evaluation of palatal rugoscopy in dentulous and edentulous cases for human identification in forensic dentistry

Rogério José Scandiuzzi, Jéssica Cecília de Almeida, Ricardo Henrique Alves da Silva




The search for identity is based on a set of characteristics, which defines the uniqueness of a person. Principles such as classificability, immutability, persistence, practicability and uniqueness must be considered when applying an identification technique. This study aimed to evaluate the use of palatal rugoscopy in dentulous and edentulous volunteers, with or without upper removable denture, for purposes of human identification. In this study 60 subjects were asked to give dental casts and photography of the upper dental arch, defined in the following groups: Group A (n = 30, edentulous patients with full upper removable dentures) and Group B (n = 30, dentulous without upper removable partial denture). The rugoscopy analysis method used was Martins-dos-Santos classification, for checking the applicability and success in human identification. It was found that it is possible to use this technique and it has an application of 40% in the group A and 86.66% in the group B. In conclusion, the identification method by palatal rugoscopy is satisfactory for dentulous patients, however in cases of tooth loss and friction cases generated by prosthetic devices, the region of the palate lose its characteristics, but even then it is still possible to be applied.


forensic anthropology; expert testimony; palate

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actascihealthsci.v36i1.19099


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ISSN 1679-9291 (impresso) e ISSN 1807-8648 (on-line) e-mail: actahealth@uem.br


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