Influence of n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid in the Proliferative Activity of Lymphocytes During Experimental Infection with Paracoccidioides brasiliensis

Vinicius João Navarini, Sheisa Cyléia Sargi, Jesui Vergílio Visentainer, Camila Freitas Oliveira, Jeane Eliete Laguila Visentainer

Resumo


 

It has been shown that diets containing polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids may modulate the immune system. Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a systemic mycosis of great importance in Latin America, caused by the thermo-dimorphic fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of n-3 PUFAs in lymphoproliferative activity in murine experimental PCM. Spleen lymphocytes from animals infected with an isolate of P. brasiliensis (Pb18) and fed with diets supplemented with flaxseed oil or a commercial diet for eight weeks, were obtained and cultured for evaluation of lymphoproliferative activity by MTT assay. In uninfected animals and those fed an enriched-flaxseed diet the evaluated lymphoproliferative activity was inhibited in the first week; however, this activity resumed at later stages. On the other hand, in animals infected and fed an enriched-flaxseed diet, the interaction between the stimulus given by the presence of the fungus and the action of n-3 PUFAs appeared to stimulate lymphocyte proliferation after the first week of infection. n-3 PUFAs are shown to influence lymphoproliferative activity of mice in experimental PCM.

 


Palavras-chave


omega-3; paracoccidioidomycosis; imune cell.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actascihealthsci.v40i1.30674

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ISSN 1679-9291 (impresso) e ISSN 1807-8648 (on-line) e-mail: actahealth@uem.br

  

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