Analysis of pre-competitive anxiety of Brazilian young swimmers

Glauber Castelo Branco Silva, Antônio Carlos Leal Cortez, José Roberto Andrade do Nascimento Júnior, Carla Thamires Laranjeira Granja, Erick Francisco Quintas Conde, Gislane Ferreira de Melo


This study analyzed the level of state-anxiety of swimming athletes based on sex, category, competitive specialty, competitive level and competitive experience. Participants were 178 male (n = 105) and female (n = 73) swimmers with mean age of 15.51 ± 1.9 years at regional, national and international levels. The Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CASI-2) was used as instrument. Data analysis was conducted using the independent Student’s t-test, Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis and Spearman correlation. The results showed higher levels of self-confidence in males (p = 0.02) and higher levels of cognitive anxiety in females (p = 0.019). Among the competitive specialties, there were differences between levels of cognitive anxiety (p = 0.045) and self-confidence (p = 0.041) of swimmers. Differences were also observed in levels of cognitive anxiety (p = 0.049), somatic anxiety (p = 0.001) and self-confidence (p = 0.047) between swimming competition levels. It was concluded that male swimmers are more self-confident and less anxious than female swimmers and there are different levels of self-confidence and types of anxiety for different competitive specialties and ranking of competitions.


anxiety; athletes; swimming; sport.

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ISSN 1679-9291 (impresso) e ISSN 1807-8648 (on-line) e-mail:


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